Prince of Peace

For to us a child is born. To us a son is given; and the government will be on his shoulders. His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.

Isaiah 9:6

In what way could the ‘Mighty God’ and the ‘Everlasting Father’ also be a ‘Prince of Peace’? It is because God is at enmity with Man:

Since God is infinitely holy and righteous, He cannot fellowship with anyone who has less than perfect righteousness. [Exo 20:5; Deu 4:24; Deu 5:9; Deu 27:26; Psa 130:3; Isa 6:5; Isa 28:17; Hab 1:13; Mat 5:20; Rom 3:19; Gal 3:10; Heb 10:28-31]

Christian Confession of Faith, II.A.4

God is perfectly and infinitely holy, while Man is sinful:

In so doing, Adam and Eve fell from their original state of innocence into a state of spiritual death and depravity. The guilt and defilement of Adam’s sin has been imputed to all whom he represented (all his natural posterity). The spiritual state of total depravity into which Adam fell has been transmitted to all whom he represented, and all whom he represented became physically subject to decay and death. [Gen 3:7-8,16-24; Gen 5:3-5; Psa 51:5; Rom 3:10-18; Rom 5:12-14,19; Rom 8:5-8; Eph 2:1-3; Eph 4:17-19]

Christian Confession of Faith, III.B.2

A morally pure and perfect God cannot bless sinful creatures, and remain perfect. In fact, his infinite holiness requires that God punish the sinful creature to the full extent of the heinousness of his sin; that is, infinitely, because any sin against an infinitely holy God is an infinitely heinous sin. And this means that there must be constant war between God and his creatures.

But the good news of the Gospel is that Jesus Christ has created peace between God and his people. He did this by taking the sins of his people upon himself, and paying for those sins by his death on the cross. Thus the sins of God’s people are done away with, and can never come between God and his people again. God and his people are no more at war. They are at peace:

The consummate act of obedience that Jesus Christ paid to the law was in suffering the ultimate penalty for the disobedience of His people that the law demanded. Thus, while upon the cross, Jesus Christ, as a perfect representative, substitute, and sacrifice for His people, became a curse for His people and suffered the unmitigated fury of God the Father, which was equivalent to suffering the very pains of hell. This was not for any guilt He had contracted Himself but for the sins of His people. Their guilt was imputed to Him, and He suffered the penalty their sins deserved. His finished work on the cross appeased God’s wrath in full toward all for whom He died and paid the ransom price in full for all for whom He died, guaranteeing the salvation of all for whom He died. [Gen 22:13; Exo 12:3-13; Lev 16:21-22; Lev 17:11; Psa 22:1-18; Psa 32:1; Isa 53:1-12; Dan 9:24-26; Zec 13:7; Mat 26:28; Mat 27:35-50; Mar 15:24-37; Luk 23:33-46; Luk 24:46; Joh 11:49-52; Joh 19:16-30; Act 17:3; Act 20:28; Rom 3:24-25; Rom 5:6-11; 1Co 1:30; 1Co 5:7; 1Co 6:20; 1Co 15:3; 2Co 5:21; Gal 1:4; Gal 2:20; Gal 3:13; Gal 4:5; Eph 1:7; Eph 2:13-17; Col 1:14,20-22; Col 2:13-14; 1Th 5:10; 1Ti 2:6; Tit 2:14; Heb 2:9-10,17; Heb 9:12-14,26-28; Heb 10:10-18; Heb 13:12; 1Pe 1:18-19; 1Pe 2:24; 1Pe 3:18; 1Jo 1:7; 1Jo 2:2; 1Jo 3:5; 1Jo 4:10; Rev 1:5; Rev 5:9]

Christian Confession of Faith, IV.C.2

Here are some of the verses to which the Confession appeals:

Lev 17:[11] For the life of the flesh is in the blood; and I have given it to you on the altar to make atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that makes atonement by reason of the life.

Isa 53:[5] But he was pierced for our transgressions. He was crushed for our iniquities. The punishment that brought our peace was on him; and by his wounds we are healed. [6] All we like sheep have gone astray. Everyone has turned to his own way; and Yahweh has laid on him the iniquity of us all.

2Co 5:[21] For him who knew no sin he made to be sin on our behalf; so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.

Eph 2:[14] For he is our peace, who made both one, and broke down the middle wall of partition, [15] having abolished in the flesh the hostility, the law of commandments contained in ordinances, that he might create in himself one new man of the two, making peace; [16] and might reconcile them both in one body to God through the cross, having killed the hostility thereby. [17] He came and preached peace to you who were far off and to those who were near.

Col 1:[20] and through him to reconcile all things to himself, by him, whether things on the earth, or things in the heavens, having made peace through the blood of his cross.

It is in the finished work of Jesus Christ that “Righteousness and peace have kissed each other” (Psalm 85:10). Jesus Christ created peace between God and his people, but not by just ignoring their sin, or simply letting bygones be bygones. He did it while still remaining perfectly righteous and holy. His blood cleanses away their sin, so that those sins can never condemn them again, or bring them under the curse of the Law (Mat 26:28, Rom 4:25, Gal 3:13, Rev 5:9).

This shows the true blasphemy of the doctrine of Universal Atonement, because it teaches that Jesus created peace between himself and billions of people, who nevertheless remain under the curse of God, and end up going to Hell anyway. Those who teach it clearly value the precious blood of Christ as worthless (Heb 10:29).

God displayed his acceptance of Jesus’ death on the cross as a propitiating sacrifice, by raising Jesus up from the dead:

The Father set His seal of approval upon the work of Jesus Christ on the cross by resurrecting Him from the dead and exalting Him to sit at the Father’s right hand. [Job 19:25-27; Psa 16:10; Luk 24:4-7; Act 1:22; Act 2:24-33; Act 3:15; Act 4:10,33; Act 5:31; Act 10:40; Act 13:30-37; Act 17:3,31; Rom 1:4; Rom 4:24-25; Rom 5:10; Rom 6:4,9-10; Rom 8:34; Rom 10:9; Rom 14:9; 1Co 15:20-28; 2Co 5:15; Gal 1:1; Eph 1:20; Col 2:12; 1Th 1:10; 2Ti 2:8; Heb 1:3; 10:12; 12:2; 1Pe 1:21]

Christian Confession of Faith, IV.C.4

Since then, Jesus has sat down at the right hand of God in heaven, showing that his atoning work on behalf of his people is finished (Heb 1:3, 8:1, 10:12, 12:2). There is nothing left for him to accomplish peace between himself and his people.

However, his ministry for his people does continue, as he intercedes for them with the Father, pleading the merits of his propitiating sacrifice on their behalf:

From there Jesus Christ rules and intercedes for His people until the day He judges the world and until the final enemy, death, is subdued beneath His feet. [Psa 96:13; Psa 110:1,6; Mat 25:31-46; Act 10:42; Act 17:31; Rom 8:34; 2Co 5:10; 2Ti 4:1]

Christian Confession of Faith, IV.C.5

By creating peace between God and his people, Jesus Christ has become the Prince of Peace:

Psa 72:[7] In his days, the righteous shall flourish, and abundance of peace, until the moon is no more.

Zec 6:[13] even he shall build Yahweh’s temple; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule on his throne; and he shall be a priest on his throne; and the counsel of peace shall be between them both.

Rom 5:[1] Being therefore justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ;

Heb 7:[2] to whom also Abraham divided a tenth part of all (being first, by interpretation, king of righteousness, and then also king of Salem, which is king of peace;


7 The just shall flourish in his days,
and prosper in his reign:
He shall, while doth the moon endure,
abundant peace maintain.

(Psalm 72, The Psalms of David in Metre)

See Also:

Justification & Imputation

Jehovah Our Righteousness (Yahweh-Tsidkenu)

IV. Christology – The Doctrine of the Person and Work of Jesus Christ